By the time your baby is 3 month old, the bond between you and them is strong.  They look to you, for guidance to see if something or someone is safe.  This is interaction is called primary intersubjectivity, and is only limited to the face-to-face contact.  However, by the time they are 9 months or […]


Hearing: It is normal for babies to actually hear while they are still inside mother’s womb.  Their hearing is so sharp that they can distinguish among different variety of phonemes when they are only 2 month old.  However, it narrows down to their native language at about 6 to 8 months, which is exactly a […]

Paying more attention

  Unlike in their future teen years.  Babies in 3 months of age can pay attention for most of 5 or ten seconds.  However, their ability to pay attention at longer periods of time, by the time they reach 2 years of age. In fact there are four phases of how attention develops. Phase I: […]


By: Therese Brion What exactly are teratogens? Teratogen is just a fancy word for anything that can cause your baby from developing healthily in your womb. Teratogens can range from a mother’s mental state during her pregnancy to exposure to drugs and alcohol. These different environmental factors can have a negative effect on your baby: […]

Infant Emotions and their Emotional Expressions

By: Karen Quijada Emotions are normally referred to feelings caused by experiences, they can emerge slowly, explode quickly, emotions can be mixed together and vary in intensity. There are five universal emotions, these are the basic emotions- joy, fear, anger, surprise, sadness, and disgust. Regardless of what corner in the world you live in, you […]

The Infant-Caregiver Emotional Relationship

By: Vivian Chan Emotional attachment between the caregiver and infant develops around the ages of 7 and 9 months. There are four phases of attachment: Preattachment Phase Attachment-in-the-making Phase Clear-cut attachment Reciprocal relationship phases The preattachment phases begins from birth to age 6 weeks. This is when infants do not react when left alone with an unfamiliar caregiver. The “attachment-in-the-making” phases […]